15 d’ag. 2014

Moda años 50. Influencias.

Leonor Fini
Ballets
Dentro del mundo de la moda, de la alta costura, muchos de los modistos que triunfaron en la decada de los 50 bebieron de las fuentes de artistas que en aquel momento transgredian todo tipo de normas. Nombres como Balenciaga, Lanvin, Cristian Dior, Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, Jacques Fath, Schiaparelli, Jacques Heim o Givenchy vivieron al lado de artistas de renombre como Leonor Fini que diseñaba vestuarios para la ópera sin ser de profesión modista.
Es interesante conocer su trabajo en el mundo del Ballet, de la Ópera y el Teatro. Al igual que Dalí y otros artistas de la época, sus creaciones fuera de cualquier tendencia dejaba atónitos a los Parisinos. Leer más... 


  

Fotografia cerca de su casa de Rue de la Vrielliere en que tantas veladas pasamos juntos.



Con su marchante, Rafael Martinez




1944
La Signora, delle Camelie, ballet based on Alexandre Dumas fils’ novel and play, The Lady of the Camellias. Compagnia dei Balletti Romani di Milloss. Teatro Quirino, Rome. Choreography by Aurel Milloss, music by Roman Vlad, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini. On the same program: Les Petits Riens by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Hallucinations, music by Previtali. In the context of the 1st International Festival of Music, Rome, November–December.
1945
Le Spectre de la Rose (Lo spetto della rosa),Lo Spetto della Rosa/Le Spectre de la Rose, music by Carl Maria von Weber, orchestrated by Hector Berlioz. Ballets by Alanova. Teatro alla Scala, Milan; Teatro San Carlo, Naples. Choreography by Michel Fokine, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini. On the same program: Pulcinella, music by Igor Stravinsky, sets by Giorgio de Chirico.
1946
Illustrations for the printed program of the inaugural season of the Ballets des Champs-Élysées. Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, Paris. Artistic director: Boris Kochno; director of choreography: Roland Petit.
1947


Le Palais de Cristal, George Balanchine. Ballets de l’Opéra de Paris. Opéra de Paris, Paris. Choreography by George Balanchine, music by Georges Bizet (Symphony in C major), sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, performed by Mademoiselles Darsonval, Toumanova, Bardin, Lafon, and by Monsieurs Ritz, Renault, Kalioujny, Bozzoni. On the same program: Apollon Musagète, music by Igor Stravinsky, choreography by George Balanchine. Premiere: 28 July.
1948
Les Demoiselles de la Nuit, story by Jean Anouilh, Théâtre Marigny, Paris. Les Ballets de Paris. Music by Jean Françaix, choreography by Roland Petit, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, masks by Sforzino Sforza, performed by Roland Petit, Margot Fonteyn, Gordon Hamilton, Renée Jeanmaire. Première: 21 May. On the same program: Études Symphoniques, music by Robert Schumann, choreography by Boris Kniaseff, sets and costumes by Filippo de Pisis; Allegro, music by Maurice Ravel, sets and costumes by Jacques Fath, choreography by Janine Charrat; Que le diable l’emporte, ballet by André Derain, music by Manuel Rosenthal, sets and costumes by André Derain, choreography by Roland Petit.
Les Cinq Dons de la fée, (The Five Boons of Life), story by Mark Twain. Théâtre de Monte-Carlo, Monte Carlo. Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas. Choreography by William Dollar, music by Ernst von Dohnanyi, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, performed by André Eglevsky, Rosella Hightower, Georges Skibine, Marjorie Tallchief. Premiere: 22 April.
Le Palais de Cristal.American tour of the Ballets de l’Opéra de Paris, Constitutional Hall, Washington, D.C., sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, 6–7 October; also at Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Teatro Comunale, Florence, 28 May.
Les Demoiselles de la Nuit. American tour of the Ballets de Paris presented by Shubert and Sol Hurok, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, performed by Colette Marchand, Roland Petit, Gordon Hamilton.
1951
Venice Biennale / XIVe Festival International de Musique Contemporaine. Orfeo, dance cantata, choreography by Roberto Lupi; story based on Virgil’s Georgics. Teatro La Fenice, Venice. Chorale de Paris. Choreography by Janine Charrat, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, performed by J. Charrat, E. Pagava, M. Miskovitch, 19–20 September. Performed at the Théâtre de l’Empire, Paris. Ballets Janine Charrat. February 1952 (without Leonor Fini’s scenic backdrop).
1954
The Triumph of Chastity, story and choreography by Ruth Page. Ruth Page’s Chicago Opera Ballet, St. Alphonsus Theater, Chicago. Music by Jacques Ibert, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, made by Karinska. Premiere: 12 December.

1955
Roméo et Juliette, dramatic symphony, op. 17, music by Hector Berlioz, after William Shakespeare. Cour Carrée of the Louvre, Paris. Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas. Directed by Jean-Pierre Grenier, sets by François Ganeau, costumes by Leonor Fini, choreography by Vladimir Skouratoff, Serge Golovine, John Taras, Georges Skibine, conducted by Jean Martinon, orchestra and choirs of Les Concerts Colonne, sung by Michel Roux, danced by Georges Skibine, Marjorie Tallchief, Serge Golovine. Five performances (28, 30 June, 2, 3, 4 July).
1957
Clorinde et Tancrède, ballet based on Claudio Monteverdi’s madrigal Il Combattimento de Tancredi e Clorinda for TV Montreal. Choreography by Deryk Mendel, produced by Pierre Mercure, danced by Dominique Dupuy.
1958
Sébastien, story by Gian-Carlo Menotti. Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, Paris. Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas. Choreography by Edward Caton, music by Gian-Carlo Menotti, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, costumes made by Stiva Doboujinsky and Lidia Pesarini, assisted by Geneviève Sevin-Doering, performed by Rosella Hightower and Nicholas Polajenko. On the same program: Noir et Blanc, by Serge Lifar; Pas de trois classique from the ballet Paquita, music by Ludwig Minkus; Cat’s Cradle, by John Cranko.
1960
Design for a ballet, Les Insectes, set and costume designs by Leonor Fini. Commissioned by Roland Petit. Never staged.
1963
Les Demoiselles de la Nuit (revival of the 1948 production with replicas of the original sets and costumes), story by Jean Anouilh. Teatro alla Scala, Milan. Music by Jean Françaix, choreography by Roland Petit, sets and costumes by Leonor Fini, performed by Carla Fracci, Paolo Bortoluzzi. Premiere in Italy: 14 December. On the same program: Spirituals per orchestra and II Buffone.